Spring to the elderly diet health attention
The physical fitness of the elderly will increase with age. In daily life, we should pay more attention to health care, so as to avoid the disease accelerating aging. Diet is the foundation for the elderly to have health. What should we pay attention to in spring health?
1, drinking water should be more than the old man’s feeling of thirst is not as sensitive as young people, therefore, you should consciously drink more water, you can light tea or boiled water.
Don’t wait until you are thirsty and drink, so as not to lack water.
Water shortage can cause constipation in the elderly and metabolic disorders in the body.
2, the number should be less if you want to be safe, three points of obesity and cold.
Old people want to eat a variety of foods, but the amount of each food should not be too much, seven or eight minutes per meal.
3, the quality should be high quality does not mean high prices, such as soy products, eggs, milk, etc. are high quality foods, the elderly often eat.
Also pay attention to eat more fish, eat less meat.
The main source of sugar is staple food and fruits and vegetables, and try to reduce the consumption of refined sugar such as sugar, brown sugar and sugar.
4, food should be mixed, no food can contain all kinds of nutrients needed by the human body, therefore, every day must eat cereals, fruits and vegetables, algae and other foods, but also pay attention to the combination of meat, color, color matching, tasteMatch, dry and thin match.
5, the optimal digestion and absorption process of hot food is carried out at a temperature close to body temperature.
Old people have poor resistance to cold. Once they eat raw, cold and hard foods, they will affect digestion, absorption, and even disease.
Therefore, the food of the elderly is mainly warm.
6, diet should be light dishes should be light, taste is not heavy.
It is recommended that the daily salt content does not exceed 6 grams.
It is recommended that the food composition of the elderly one day: 150-250 grams of cereals, 100 grams of fish and shrimp and lean meat, 50 grams of beans and their products, about 300 grams of fresh vegetables, about 250 grams of fresh fruit, 250 grams of milk, cooking oil30 grams, 6 grams of salt, 25 grams of sugar, drink less, drink enough water.
7, the speed should be slow to chew slowly to facilitate digestion and absorption.
Especially pay attention when eating fish.
Fish meat is the food of choice for the elderly because of its soft, tender meat, easy chewing, digestion and absorption; high protein content; low trace content.
However, due to the problem of fishbone, many elderly people are restricted.
To solve this problem, we must first select more fish from the fishbone. When eating fish, it is best not to eat it with rice and steamed bread.
8, the food is suitable for the elderly, the appetite is reduced, in the production of food should be carefully crafted, pay attention to color, fragrance, taste, shape of the deployment.
In addition, the elegant, quiet, and tidy dining environment; the form of collective or companionship can enhance the dining interest of the elderly.
9, fruits and vegetables should be fresh and fresh, colored fruits and vegetables, replace vitamins, minerals, fiber supplements, fruits are also rich in organic acids, stimulate the increase of appetite and maintain the body’s acid-base balance.
10, the water-soluble soft old people are not good at digesting and absorbing food. Therefore, the flavor of the food is soft and rotten, and cooking methods such as steaming, boiling, stewing, and stewing can be used.
The foods selected should be as thick as possible, and should not be chewed. For example, meat can be selected with short fiber and delicate meat; milk, eggs and soy products are the best choices.
When the elderly are in the spring, don’t reduce the clothes too fast. Although the spring is warmer, we must follow the principle of “spring and autumn and autumn” to let the old friends’ spring health get the best results.